Gum Disease: What is it & How To Prevent It?

There are several different types of gum diseases to be aware of. But in general, gum disease is when bacteria causes inflammation of the gum, called “gingivitis”. Gingivitis is when the gums become red, swollen and will bleed easily. Gingivitis is one of the less-harmful gum diseases that can be reversed with a routine of daily brushing and flossing.

Gum disease is painful and can lead to much worse if you do not treat it early and properly. Here are some symptoms of gum disease:

  1. Red, Swollen, or Bleeding Gums: This is typically the first sign you notice when gum disease is present. Usually called “gingivitis”
  2. Bad Breath: Your mouth is a home for millions of bacteria that live in your mouth. These bacterias live on the plaque inside of your mouth. The more you have, the more they eat. The bacteria then release toxins that have a not so loving smell.
  3. Gums Shrinking: If you notice that your teeth are getting longer, they are probably not growing, but rather, your gums are shrinking. If this is happening, it is important you contact your local dental clinic.
  4. Sensitive Teeth: This doesn’t always mean gum disease, but it is good to be aware that sensitive teeth can lead to gum disease. Typically, if your gums are shrinking, your sensitive part of the took is exposed.

These are 4 symptoms of gum disease that you should be aware of. If you are experiencing any of these, you should monitor it and call your local dental practice.

Here are some ways you can prevent gum disease:

1. Brushing:

Brushing is a very general activity but it is important that you are brushing at least twice a day and a cleaning once a day between the teeth with floss. When you are brushing, focus on the gumline, where you will start to notice a build up of plaque and gingivitis starting.

2. Tooth Brush:

It is important to have a good tooth brush and that you are replacing it every so often. You should always be alternating between 2 tooth brushes. Allowing one to dry before using it again is critical to keeping its bristles in tact. You should also be replacing tooth brushes ever 3-4 months. Ensure you are storing your tooth brush properly. It should not be in the open, too close to where germs are spread, toilet for example or from one brush to another.

Choosing the right tooth brush is a whole post in itself, but here are the basics: Studies show that electric toothbrushes improve your oral health, but the American Dental Association reports that manual toothbrushes are just as effective, as long as you know how to brush. We always recommend electrics toothbrushes.

3. Vitamins:

Vitamins are a not a cure to gum disease, but the results are quite notable. Vitamin C will help with your bleeding gums if you are taking the daily recommended dose of 100 to 200 mg per day. A study by American Journal of Clinical Nutrition examined data from 6,700 people who took the third National Health and Nutrition Exam Survey and found that those with the highest levels of Vitamin D were 20% less likely to show signs of gingivitis.

4. Tea:

Drinking black and green teas will help reduce your chances of reducing gum disease. Tea contain polypenols, which are an antioxidant that will prevent plaque from sticking to your teeth.

5. Cut Smoking and Drinking:

We understand this is not easy for everyone, but cutting down even a little bit will help. Start with 1 cigarette or one less drink a day. Drinking can drain your body of vitamins and minerals that your mouth needs.

6. Raw Vegetables:

Eating a raw vegetable every day will help keep gingivitis away as these high in fibre foods will clean and stimulate the teeth and gums.

7. Visit our Kleinburg, ON office regularly:

You might not be able to detect that you have gum disease or see signs early on. Dr. Leora Laichter and our team can detect signs earlier than the human eye could, allowing us to help save you from costly medical bills later.

Not sure how to brush your teeth? Watch this video below!