Teeth are cleaned by scaling and/or root planing. This is done to remove plaque and tartar from teeth and root surfaces to prevent gum infection and bone loss (periodontal disease).
This is all to prevent mobility and tooth loss.
Polishing: Teeth are polished to remove stain.
Fluoride: it is applied to strengthen enamel and root surfaces and possibly remineralize early tooth decay.
X-rays (radiographs) and check ups (Examinations):
These are done to detect:
- Dental decay visually and X-rays show decay in between the teeth that the eye cannot see
- Bite (occlusion) assessment
- Integrity of any existing fillings (restorations)
- Gum and bone levels (along with X-rays) are evaluated to assess for periodontal disease
- Oral soft tissues assessment for disease such as cancer
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) health